OBESITY AND METABOLIC SURGERY
|Body Mass Index (BMI)||VKI (kg/m2)|
|Normal||18.5 – 24,9|
|Overweight||25 – 29,9|
|Obesity Class I||30 – 34,9|
|Obesity Class II||35 – 39,9|
|Obesity Class III||≥40|
According to the International Federation of Obesity and Metabolic Surgery (IFSO) standards, obesity is diagnosed when the body mass index is 30 kg/m2 or higher. Body Mass Index is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by their height in meters squared.
For example, if a person is 165 centimeters tall and weighs 65 kg, we first calculate the square of the person’s height in meters. Therefore, 1.65 meters times 1.65 meters equals 2.72. When 65 kg is divided by 2.72, the result is 23.89. In this case, it means that the person is at a healthy weight in line with the data we have stated in the table. If the same person weighed 100 kg, his body mass index would be around 36, and in this case, the person would be diagnosed as severely obese.
Obesity and Metabolic Surgery
What is Obesity?
In general, obesity is defined as the accumulation of fat in the body. The main problem in obesity is that the food taken is more than the energy consumed. This excess energy is stored in the body as fat. In some cases, hormonal disorders accompany obesity. Obesity cases that are not due to hormonal disorders should primarily try to identify and eliminate their problematic habits by taking diet and lifestyle precautions. Surgical treatment is recommended for patients who have tried these methods but did not get results from the treatments.
According to the International Federation of Obesity and Metabolic Surgery (IFSO) standards, obesity is diagnosed when a body mass index is 30 kg/m2 or higher.
Some of the Causes of Obesity Surgery;
- Type II Diabetes mellitus
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- High Blood Pressure
- Joint Calcification
- Obesity-related symptoms (high cholesterol, atherosclerosis, varicose veins)