What is Cataract?
It is a disease that occurs with the formation of blurry parts on the lens, which is located inside the eye, which does not contain nerves and vessels, loss of transparency, brown and yellow discolorations, resulting in a decrease in the sense of vision.
What causes cataract eye disease?
The most important cause of cataract in adults is the changes that occur in the lens with aging. In children, metabolic diseases, consanguineous marriage, diseases in the womb, drug use during pregnancy, microbial conditions and injuries are effective in cataract formation.
What Are the Symptoms of Cataract?
Decreased vision over time, Double vision, Having difficulty reading, Color fading and yellowing, Deterioration in night vision, Light sensitivity (dazzle).
How Is Cataract Treated?
Cataract is an eye disease that progresses over time and cannot be stopped. The only treatment is surgery. It cannot be treated with glasses or medication. The most current and new treatment applied in recent years is smart lens (Trifocal lens) applications.
The most important cause of cataract in adults is the changes in the lens that occur with aging. In children, metabolic diseases, consanguineous marriage, diseases in the womb, drug use during pregnancy, microbial conditions and injuries are effective. In addition, blows to the eye (trauma), diabetes, inflammation of the eye (uveitis), kidney disease, glaucoma, radiation, high blood pressure (hypertension) and long-term use of cortisone drugs can cause cataracts.
What Should Be Done Before Surgery?
The patient comes to the hospital with a slight satiety before the operation and undergoes a routine eye examination. One hour before the operation, the patient’s pupil is enlarged using drops.
How Is Cataract Surgery Performed?
There is no treatment that can be done to treat cataracts with medication and prevent its progression.
Cataract surgery is a seamless surgical method that increases the patient’s vision quality to the maximum level by entering the eye through 2-3 mm micro incisions and replacing the lens that has lost its transparency with an artificial lens.
Today, cataract surgery is performed with a modern technique called faux emulsification. The patient does not need to be hospitalized, he is discharged on the same day and is called for control the next day. The operation is performed with the help of narcotic drops, no injection is needed. It is a painless method that does not require stitches. The dulled lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. This lens stays in place for your lifetime. However, the lens may become dull over time. If such a situation is encountered, the lens is made transparent again by laser, which takes a few minutes and is easily done.
What Should Be Considered After the Surgery?
The patient’s recovery of normal vision after surgery varies according to the hardness and softness of the cataract. The recovery period of the eye after surgery is an average of one week. During this period, the patient should not scratch the eye where the surgery was performed, not take a shower for 72 hours, and use the drops given by the doctor to the patient after the surgery in accordance with the hygiene conditions.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT CATARACT
1-) How Long Does the Surgery Take?
It is completed in an average of 15-20 minutes.
2-) What Should Be Considered During Cataract Surgery?
In this operation, the experience of the physician who will perform the operation and the quality of the lens to be placed in the eye are very important.
3-) Is it possible to stay in the hospital after cataract surgery?
No. The patient is discharged immediately after surgery.
4-) How do cataract patients see?
Cataract is a problem that comes with symptoms. At the beginning level, cataract causes symptoms such as a decrease in visual quality, increasing discomfort from car headlights, and inability to see details in twilight and foggy weather. Cataract patients see colors more in pastel tones.
5-) How is cataract in the eye treated?
How Is Cataract In The Eye Treated? It is not possible to pass the formed cataract with medication or glasses. The only treatment for cataract is surgery.